What are the Symptoms of Ankle Sprains?
- Feeling or hearing a pop or snap during the injury
- Severe pain that prevents weight-bearing on the foot
- Restricted movement
The symptoms mentioned above are the most common indicators of an ankle sprain.
What are the Risk Factors?
- Previous ankle injuries
- Muscle strength imbalances
- Loss of balance
- Sports participation
- Uneven surfaces
- Inappropriate footwear
How is Ankle Sprain Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is made based on the individual’s history and physical examination findings. If the injury is severe, imaging techniques such as ankle X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), or ultrasound may be used.
Treatment Methods What to do in the acute phase:
- Ice application
- Compression bandage
- Taking prescribed medications under the guidance of a doctor
- Gradual weight-bearing and exercises as tolerated
The most crucial aspect of treatment is identifying the risk factor that caused the injury. However, a rehabilitation program should be established to prevent re-injury.
- Warm-up exercises before exercising and cool-down exercises after exercising should be performed.
- Choose appropriate footwear.
- Choose suitable surfaces.
- Maintain ankle muscle strength balance.